Cracked heels really are a pretty prevalent foot disorder, also known as heel fissures. They are the result of dried-out skin and made much more complicated if the skin around the side of the heel is thickened. They could be painful to stand on and the cracks in the skin could bleed.
Some individuals tend to have a normally dry skin which causes the skin very easy to tear. The thicker dry skin (callus) around the heel that is more likely to break can often be because of weightbearing reasons which raise pressures under the heel (eg the way you move).
Factors that can be also involved with the explanation for cracked heel skin include:
* extented weight bearing
* being obese
* open rearfoot in the shoes
* some medical conditions increase the risk to a drying skin (for example all forms of diabetes)
* skin disorders (eg dermatitis)
Self treatment for cracked heels:
* Using an oil based cream twice daily is really fundamental to be able to get on top of cracked heels. A pumice stone may be used to reduce the thickness of the hard skin. It is important to avoid open back shoes or thin soled shoes.
* It is best not to attempt to decrease the thick skin by yourself using a blade or scissors. There's a possibility of an infection developing and taking too much off.
Podiatrist management of cracked heels can involve a number of approaches:
* looking into the reason for the problem, and this can be remedied
* treatment of hard callused skin by debriding it (often the tears is not going to mend unless the skin is not taken off). This may have to be done consistently. Regular debridment might be the best way to avoid the problem.
* if rather painful, strapping are often used to 'hold' the edges of tears together while they mend (a routine maintenance routine next to stop it happening again is very important).
* prescription and information concerning the most suitable moisturizer or emollient.
* assistance with footwear along with self-care of the problem.
* insoles could be used to modify the way you walk in order to avoid the callused skin from building up (these are indicated in cases of heel callus and are not suited to every case).
* a heel "cup" could be used to keep the plantar fat pad from expanding sideways. This cup is worn inside the shoe and will be very effective at preventing cracked heels if utilized on a regular basis.
* on exceptional instances some Podiatry practitioners along with Dermatologists have tried a tissue 'glue' to retain the edges of the skin with each other, to ensure the splits can recover.